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Saturday, July 5, 2014

Los animales silvestres deben vivir y morir en el bosque, no en una jaula

La Asamblea Nacional de Nicaragua se encuentra en el proceso de reglamentar la Ley de Bienestar Animal, también conocida como la Ley 747. Esta ley noble prohibe al maltrato y requiere a todo dueño de animales, que sean de tiro, de alimento o de mascota, que brinde condiciones dignas para el curso de su vida.

Nicaragua, siendo un país con bosques alrededor, se ha acostumbrado a tratar a algunos animales como si fueran domesticables. Todos tenemos algún amigo que tiene un mono encadenado en su patio. Loras y lapas abundan entre la clase media alta, se han convertido en manifestaciones de poder adquisitivo. Y hay quienes en Nicaragua con tigrillos, leoncillos o hasta un jaguar enjaulado en su casa, extraño o perverso que sea.

Los perros y los gatos son animales que derivan de la vida silvestre, pero después de miles de años de acompañamiento a los seres humanos, ya dependen de ellos. Los gatos y perros no pueden sostenerse como especie sin alguna relación con el ser humano. 

Sin embargo, las lapas, las loras, los chocoyos, las culebras, y todos los animales silvestres, no prefieren vivir con el ser humano como si fueran gatos y perros. En jaulas, amarrados con cadenas, o con sus alas cortadas, se encuentran miles de animales de la vida silvestre en Nicaragua. El comercio en estos animales es tan fuerte que casi nadie en este país ha visto una lapa en su vida libre, pero todos hemos visto lapas en jaulas dentro de casas de amigos. 

Los animales silvestres en Nicaragua sí dependen de los seres humanos, para que se acabe con el tráfico de mascotas. Sin una ley y coacción contra las personas que participan en el tráfico de animales silvestres, vamos a seguir perdiendo animales del bosque, como ya ha pasado con la lapa y los monos en gran parte de Nicaragua. 


animales

ley 747


El Nuevo Diario ha publicado una entrevista sobre los rescates de animales silvestres del tráfico en mascotas. FUNDECI/GAIA maneja un pequeño albergue donde recuperamos animales silvestres heridos o abandonados del tráfico en mascotas. Por nuestra experiencia como voluntarios a favor de los animales silvestres, FUNDECI/GAIA participa con los miembros de la Asamblea Nacional en la formulación del reglamento para esta ley. Quieres ayudarnos a cuidar estos animales y prepararlos para su regreso al bosque? Necesitamos voluntarios, donaciones de comida, servicios veterinarios y buena voluntad! Si deseas donar un paquete de marañones o un día de trabajo, estaríamos nosotros y los animales muy agradecidos. Contáctennos

Thursday, July 3, 2014

Contaminación Ambiental en la planta embotelladora Big Cola

Varios reportes noticieros han salido al aire sobre el asunto de la Big Cola en los últimos días. Aquí se puede ver, por ejemplo, un reportaje de 100% Noticias (Jackson Orozco):


La Radio La Primerísima también ha participado en la divulgación de los asuntos de contaminación de agua y excesos de sonido en la Big Cola (oprima sobre la foto para el enlace): 

contaminacion ambiental
Haga clic sobre la foto para enlace con Radio La Primerísima.

Big Cola
Haga clic en la foto para conectar al reporte de Boletín Ecológico.
Los vecinos reclaman por cumplimiento de leyes ambientales, sobre sonidos, vibraciones, y emisión de líquidos y gases, en un barrio urbano en Managua.
Para participar en las protestas contra la contaminación de agua en el Lago Xolotlán, y la protección contra sonidos en el barrio, escribannos en fundeci@gmail.com. FUNDECI necesita del apoyo de cada persona interesada para proteger el medio ambiente

Wednesday, July 2, 2014

Big Cola Pollutes in Managua II

Just in case anyone doesn't believe the videos and photos demonstrated in an earlier blog entry are real, here are more. Big Cola is considered to be a multinational, receiving the same support for its business as the other Free Trade Zone companies that do business in Nicaragua. These companies submit to strict regulations which control their activities. Nonetheless, policing is difficult for the government, even when relatively few companies are recalcitrant polluters. The case of Big Cola is dramatic, however, as can be seen in the videos below. 

water pollution
Wastewater from the Big Cola bottling plant in Managua is opaque and foamy. Is this within the standards for wastewater in Managua? 

Big Cola
Water dumped from the Big Cola plant may vary from dark, bright red, or opaque white.
The owners of Big Cola, AJE Group, have promised to invest US$25 million in Nicaragua. This seems like a great plan, because Nicaragua needs investment and employment. Nonetheless, this investment must be placed appropriately, including to clean up the messes made by the company and to protect the neighbors from water pollution, gases, and noise. Additionally, workers in the Big Cola bottling plant must be protected from noise, as well.




Are you offended by these images and videos? Do you want to do something to keep Nicaragua clean and safe for everyone? Contact us. FUNDECI is working with the local community to bring the issue to the attention of local and national government authorities, and the public has much to do to pressure the government to act. We need your help to pressure the AJE Group to comply with Nicaraguan laws.




Monday, June 30, 2014

La planta Big Cola viola leyes ambientales en Nicaragua

Toda actividad comercial debe acatar a un gran número de regulaciones ambientales para asegurar la protección de los suelos, el aire y el agua que nosotros ocupamos. No toda empresa actúa responsablemente. Es desafortunado que hay empresas que abusan de los principios básicos del cuido del planeta y el respeto hacia sus vecinos. Entre las empresas violadoras en Nicaragua, se encuentra la empresa embotelladora conocida por su producto más visible: Big Cola

Big Cola Nicaragua
Este líquido rojo fue botada recientemente desde la planta Big Cola, operada por Aje Group, en Managua.

FUNDECI participa en una iniciativa local para exigir a la planta embotelladora Big Cola a acatar a estandares mínimos ambientales. La planta emite líquidos contaminantes en un cauce que corre directamente al Lago Xolotlán. Esta emisión es en violación directa y obvia de la ley en Nicaragua. Los líquidos emitidos son de diferentes colores opacos, como se fueran pinturas. 

water pollution
Big Cola bota agua severamente contaminada en un cauce en Managua.
Los vecinos de la planta han reportado olores feo, especialmente cuando la planta emite grandes cantidades de gases de sus tanques de alta presión. Nadie sabe precisamente que ellos emiten en esos eventos, pero el alarma provocada por el desinterés que la empresa demuestra, hace que los vecinos sospechen lo peor. 

La maquinaria en esta planta emite mucha ruido, violando los derechos de los vecinos a la paz en su vecindario. Las indicaciones para niveles máximos de ruidos, manejadas por la Organización Mundial para la Salud, no son respetadas en la planta Big Cola, donde los ruidos en las casas de los vecinos llegan a niveles que afectan el bienestar fíisico y emocional de sus habitantes. Estas indicaciones son ley en Nicaragua.

Nicaragua
El costado este de la planta embotelladora  Big Cola en Managua.
Maquinaria pesada en la planta Big Cola también provocan vibraciones en la tierra. Los vecinos reportan miedo de un evento sísmico. 


Se convocó una reunión pública en la planta embotelladora Big Cola en Managua, el 27 de junio del 2014. Asistieron oficiales de varios oficinas gubernamentales, la planta Big Cola, y vecinos, y representantes de FUNDECI. Los vecinos presentaron sus quejas sobre la contaminación y el ruido. Como se ve en las fotos y videos, la planta Big Cola produce ruidos que afectan a la salud de sus empleados y vecinos, y bota líquidos no tratados. 

La planta Big Cola supuestamente se ampara en los acuerdos de CAFTA, pero esta protección no brinda ningún derecho de contaminar. 
Deseas apoyarnos en la lucha para hacer que la Big Cola cumpla con las leyes ambientales? Contactanos!






Sunday, June 29, 2014

Environmental Contamination at Big Cola

Every commercial activity must abide by a multitude of regulations to ensure that it does not contaminate the air, water and soils with the rest of us also inhabit. Not all businesses act responsibly with respect to the basic principles of taking care of the earth and respecting your neighbors, however. Among them is a bottling plant known for its most visible product, Big Cola.

Big Cola Nicaragua
This red liquid was recently released from the Big Cola plant operated by Aje Group, in Managua.

FUNDECI is participating in a neighborhood initiative to force the Big Cola bottling plant to meet minimum environmental standards. The plant emits contaminating liquids into an adjacent ditch, which run directly into Lake Managua, also known as Lake Xolotlán. This is in obvious, direct violation of Nicaraguan law. The liquids often are of opaque colors, as if they were paints. 

water pollution
Big Cola dumps severely contaminated water into a drainage ditch in Managua.
Neighbors have reported noxious odors, especially following gas releases which can be heard coming from high-pressure tanks. No one knows precisely what is being released into the atmosphere in these events, but the alarm regarding the disregard for the environment shown by the company leads the neighbors to suspect the worst. 
Machinery in this plant operates at a very high noise level, violating the rights of neighbors to a low levels of background noise. Indications for the adequate maximum noise levels in a neighborhood are developed by the World Health Organization of the United Nations. These guidelines are not respected at the Big Cola factory, where noises fill the surrounding neighborhoods at levels which affect the physical and emotional well-being of its occupants. The WHO indications are guidelines for sound contamination in Nicaraguan law.

Nicaragua
The eastern side of the Big Cola bottling plant in Managua.
Heavy machinery in the Big Cola plant also create enormous vibrations of the ground. The neighbors have mentioned that they fear seismic repercussions from all this vibration.

A public meeting was held at the Big Cola bottling plant in Managua, 27 June 2014. The meeting was attended by officials from several Nicaraguan government offices, the Big Cola plant, and dozens of neighbors. In the meeting, the issues of noise and water and air pollution were presented. As can be seen in the photos and videos, the Big Cola bottling plant produces unhealthy levels of noise to its employees and the neighborhood and dumps liquids without proper treatment.


The Big Cola bottling plant is supposedly protected by International Free Trade Zone Laws (see CAFTA Nicaragua), This protection, however, does not provide any allowance for harming its employees, neighbors or the environment!
Would you like to be involved in the struggle to make Big Cola comply with Nicaraguan environmental laws? Please contact us! On the behalf of the neighbors of the Pedro Joaquin Chamorro neighborhood and all who love Managua, we send out an SOS!
Environmental volunteers can be involved in a variety of projects, from reforestation to wild animal rehabilitation, to environmental legal concerns and education. We can provide Spanish training and assign volunteers and interns throughout Nicaragua.

Para leer en español, haga clic aquí

Saturday, February 15, 2014

Hummingbirds III: Rufous-tailed Hummingbird chicks

Some things that happen in nature fill us with wonder. A newly born animal can be especially wondrous. Another spectacular natural being is the hummingbird, really any and all of them are magical. This week, Rufous-tailed Hummingbirds (Amazilia tzacatl) hatched at The Mountain School, giving us a beautiful gift and an opportunity to document their nesting characteristics, as well.
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Tropical hummingbirds typically have two eggs. Both eggs in this Rufous-tailed Hummingbird nest hatched successfully, and were approximately one day old at the time of this photo. Photo Jeffrey McCrary. 
Hummingbirds have very small eggs, hence their chicks are inconceivably small. They are also very weak and fragile, so much so that it seems improbable that they would even accept food. These chicks really didn't even seem alive, but they were receiving food and attention constantly. FUNDECI/GAIA intern Pauline Pearse, with plenty of experience at handling chicks on nest, reviewed the chicks carefully, then returned them to their abode.
Amazilia tzacatl
The chicks are being attended on a nest along a path at The Mountain School. The nest is only 1.2 m above ground, but deep in the vegetation and difficult to see. Photo Pauline Pearse.
Two Rufous-tailed Hummingbird nests were located, and both clutches hatched at the same time. Their small cups were located near walkways with considerable foot traffic around, both in tiny cups with lots of spider web and fine material. One of the nests contained thin strips of plastic.
hummingbird chick
Pauline Pearse holds the two hummingbird chicks (Amazilia tzacatl) approximately one day after hatching. Photo Jeffrey McCrary. 
The backs of the chicks were covered with sparse, reddish hairs, and no feathers were evident yet. Although both were small, one was considerably larger than the other, perhaps having hatched first and gotten a head start on feeding. Moss and lichens decorated the exteriors of both nests.
Amazilia tzacatl
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird nest with day-old chicks in an ornamental plant. Photo Jeffrey McCrary.
Another nest was found in plain view, at 1.8 m above the ground on a cedar (Cupressus lusitanica) hedge along a walkway next to the communal kitchen. The chicks were also healthy and their care seemed to be vigorous.

The FUNDECI staff discussed that evening, the different threats to the nests, mainly predators which would eat the chicks, unwitting workers involved in yard maintenance, and even children who may not respect the fragility of these marvelous nests and chicks. This was perceived as an excellent educational opportunity for the children of the farm workers living in the Casas Ecologicas.

Amazilia tzacatl
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird sitting on nest with two recently-hatched chicks. Photo Pauline Pearse.
These nests were discovered while we were engaged in another study in the area, a typical example of the serendipity that results from good work in a dedicated fashion. We left the nests to be observed another day.
We were appreciative to get the opportunity to see this bird nest at The Mountain School, in Matagalpa where it is common. This species is rare in Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve.